The mila seed is a rich source of omega 3 fatty acids and fibers. Mila seeds are gluten and sugar free and may be added to various foods. The seeds are obtained from the plant known as Salvia hispanica or Chia, which is part of the mint family. Presently, there are more than 100 discovered varieties of mila seeds. While the seeds have a similar appearance, they may vary in nutritional value, especially when it comes to the omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, proteins, antioxidants, fibers and minerals.
Omega 3 Fatty Acids
The content of omega 3 fatty acids may vary in the different strains of mila seeds. While all of the varieties of mila seeds have omega 3 fatty acids, some strains may have a higher amount. The omega 3 fatty acids are essential for the function of the immune system and some research has also shown that the unsaturated fatty acids will prevent cardiovascular diseases and cancer. The omega 3 fatty acids can also improve brain function and strengthen memory.
Omega 6 Fatty Acids
Omega 6 fatty acids are required in the daily diet, but a high consumption of these unsaturated fats has been linked to predisposition to some diseases and depression. Seeds that contain more omega 3 fatty acids than omega 6 are preferred.
On average, the mila seeds contain approximately 20 percent proteins, but there may be seeds that have a higher protein content.
Typically, most chia seeds contain 25 percent dietary fiber. Variations in the 100-plus types of seeds exist. The dietary fibers are beneficial for the digestive health and can regularize the metabolism. It's important not to consume a high amount of seeds or ground seeds, as the high concentration of fibers can have adverse reactions such as diarrhea.
There are many minerals in the mila seeds such as:
The percentage of these minerals in each type of mila seeds may vary.
The mila seeds are known to be a rich source of antioxidants. The types and concentrations of antioxidants may differ in the varieties of the mila seeds. The seeds may contain antioxidants such as:
- Chlorogenic acid, which can prevent diabetes and cardiovascular disease; may have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects
- Caffeic acid, similar to chlorogenic acid
- Myricetin, reduces cholesterol and the risk of prostate cancer
- Quercetin, which has anti-inflammatory properties
- Kaempferol flavonols, which may be an antidepressant, but also reduces the chances of prostate cancer
Which Mila Seeds to Choose
Typically, the mila seeds that you will find in health stores will contain several strains, collected according to their nutritional value. You can opt for varieties that are high in protein and fatty acid content, or you may choose the vitamin rich mila seeds.
You will be able to find mila seeds marketed as Chia, Cheela Brand, Sachia, Chia Sage, Salba, Purissalv or Tresalbio. Check the labels for the nutritional contents of each.